Rio Grande - The Train
All the informations enclosed here are from the companies and it is exclusively for general iformatiom, and must be confirmed dirctly with the institutions. The tale of the train was told by Paulo Nilton Carvalho, RFFSA’s regional president of the retired society from Rio Grande, wich is a searcher and performer of exhibitions about this subject,trying to give more importance to the railroad transportation because of its safety and economy. THE BEGINNING
The first railroad track in the world came up on England in September 27, 1825. The 35 wagons adapted from stagecoachs, left from. Darlington city until stockton in 32 Km trip carrying 600 passengers. ARRIVING IN BRAZIL
The inventor was George Stephenson at age of 43, after years, of dedication and persistance in the realization of his dereice. He encouraged others to develop new designs.
By this time even horses were faster than locomotives, wich was easy to have thiefs attacks to trains whose max speed was 45km/h.
The passenger transportation bean in september 15, 1830.
The railroad track transportation arrived in Brazil by the effort of D. Pedro II, prince regent who autorized Irineu Evangelista de Souza, Baron of Mauá ( he was born in Arroio Grande – RS ). In April 30, 1854 at Petrópolis on Rio de Janeiro state, the first train traveled 14 Km in a railroad track between Baía de Guanabara and Raiz da Serra. This first brazilian railroad received the name of D. Pedro II and later became the “Central do Brasil “, the first locomotive was nicknamed “Baronesa”. IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL, THE FIRST RAILROAD TRACK CONNECTED PORTO ALEGRE AND NOVO HAMBURGO.
In April 14, 1874 the railroad contructed by a British Company called “Companhia Brasileira Ltda.” Property of Johan Mac Ginity inaugurated the railroad track between Porto Alegre and Novo Hamburgo. After that they constructed a main railroad in a horizontal way inside the state and ment from Porto Alegre to Uruguaiana and took about 30 years to be built. It began in December 23, 1877 and it was concluded in December 21, 1907. As time passed by this railroad got insufficient, then other railroad tracks were built. THE BEGINNING OF THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM BY RAILROAD TRACKS IN RIO GRANDE.
A company from Belgium, Compangnie Imperiale du Chemin de Fer, made the railroad track between the cities Bagé and Rio Grande.In 1883 this company joined with the cia. Americana Souther Brazilian Rio Grande do Sul Company.
Rio Grande city received railroad track transportation in 1884, inaugurated in December 2nd. The track line to the beach started working in January 26, 1890. The first Ocean bathing beach of Brazil. By that time Cassino Beach was stimulated by the “Cia. Bondes Suburbanos da Mangueira” and the ones that substituted it: Cia. Estrada de Ferro de Rio Grande à Costa do Mar (July, 1890) Cia. Carris e estrada de Ferro à Estrada do Mar ( September, 1892). Cia. Rio-grandense transportation system (February,1895) Southern Brazilian Rio Grande do Sul ( in 1900 ) wich had maintained the railroad track between Rio Grande and Bagé.
In July 29, 1920 the government of the country passed to the state of Rio Grande do Sul, the administration of the railroad tracks on its territory. In this year was created the transportation system by rail track of Rio Grande do Sul. The number of railroads increased in the state going from 2300 Km to 3650 Km of tracks. An average of 70 persons transported per day in Rio Grande do Sul.
In september 30, 1957 came up the “Rede Ferroviária Federal” (RFFSA) as a consequence of declining in the railroads of Brazil. The 42 rail tracks that were built, got in a system of condensing by regions and turned into 18.
Once more it happened a great advance, coming up in this period the luxury trains with diesel locomotives. The first luxury train was named “Minuano” and it was from Germany. After that came the luxury train “Hungaro”. The track lines were rebuilt, they got in a better track ways, the wooden sleepers were substituted by the concrete ones.
It lost the competition with the regular roads, in 1977 the RFFSA was transformed into six region systems. By December 5, 1999 the RFFSA had finished operations, coming up the National Agency of terrestrial transportation (ANTT) wich is today the agency that controls and manages the few railroads of the country.